In 1917, British troops captured Jerusalem after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. General Sir Edmund Allenby, by orders of British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, read a Proclamation of Martial Law to the Palestinians.
“Capture and occupation of Palestine by British artillery,” title from negative sleeve, December 1917, Matson Photograph Collection, Library of Congress.
The Major of Jerusalem, Hussein Effendi el Husseini, meeting with Sergeants Sedwick and Hurcomb of the 2/19th Battalion, London Regiment, under the white flag of surrender, Dec. 9th  at 8 a.m., 1917. Via the Library of Congress.
General Allenby’s Proclamation of Martial Law in Jerusalem following the fall of the Ottomans, written in English, French, and Italian. On the left, Haddad Bey reads the Proclamation in Arabic. Via the Library of Congress.
Jewish Rabbis with texts of the Allenby Proclamation of Martial Law in Jerusalem in 1917. Via the Library of Congress.