Perspectives-Winter 2022-1


Emma Watson recently shared a photo on her Instagram account from a pro-Palestine rally. It contained the phrase, “Solidarity Is a Verb.” Although British-Australian actress Miriam Margolyes publicly supported Watson’s post, there was immediate backlash from some current and former Israeli officials. Some called Watson an “antisemite.” Margolyes asked the question, “When did anti-Zionism become anti-Semitism?” The question is greater than that. When did supporting Palestinian creation of state become the same as discriminating against the Jewish people? The two are completely different. This issue’s “Creation of State,” theme hopefully serves as a primer and introduction to the Palestinian quest for nationhood and the many resources this museum offers. The following articles focus primarily on material from both Jewish and Israeli sources. Palestinian sources are valuable, too, particularly for understanding Palestinian perspectives. The Promised Land Museum was founded to help provide a Jewish perspective and more complete understanding of the conflict between Israel and Palestine. A better understanding will lead to what we all truly desire: balance and peace for all people living in Israel and Palestine, for both Jewish and non-Jewish families. PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 2


Some believe that before Israel’s war for independence there was no Palestine, there were no Palestinian people, and the land was desert and had no inhabitants. This belief is easily found, distributed, and shared online. Judaism teaches us that—whatever we call the families who were living in Palestine before the creation of Israel—it would be wrong to expel them and make and keep them refugees from their homes. Before 1917, Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived together peacefully. The war years—filled with acts of terrorism on both sides, massacres of Palestinian villages, and the ultimate expulsion of Palestinians from their homes—are in sharp contrast to the previous atmosphere. To some, the violence appears to have no end in sight. We’re far more optimistic, believing that peace and security will come with justice and equal treatment for all families, Israeli and Palestinian. It is not difficult to see that Jewish, Christian, and Muslim families live peacefully together in many places and can again in Israel/Palestine, just as they had in the past. PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 4

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Throughout history, Palestine was home to people of many religions including Christians, Muslims and Jews. They lived in peace. However, even though the first Zionist congress took place in 1897, the State of Israel was not declared until 1948. What is the current reality of Palestine? In a recent article in The Sheaf, the student newspaper of the Canadian university, Saskatchewan, a Saskatoon family of Palestinian descent personally shares their experiences of violence in their homeland. “Israeli Zionists are massacring all the Palestinians. They do not care if you are a child or an elder,” said Mohanned Jaradat, a Palestinian man residing in Saskatoon. “They are taking our land and they want to get rid of the history and people, but they can’t get rid of history.” What does “getting rid of history” really mean? GETTING RID OF PALESTINIAN HISTORY The Palestine Jewish Colonization Association (PICA) was established in 1924. It was disbanded in 1957 and played a major role in supporting the Yishuv in Mandatory Palestine. Those living in Palestine were promised that “freedom of conscience and of worship is assured and discrimination on the grounds of race, religion, or language forbidden…all male Palestinians over twenty-five years of age are entitled to vote.” Some believe that before Israel’s war for independence there was no Palestine, there were no Palestinian people, and the land was desert and had no inhabitants. This belief is easily found distributed and shared online. Perhaps this belief – seen by the 2014 assertion by contributing editor of the Jerusalem Post Caroline Glick, denying the Nabka and the expulsion of Palestinians in 1948 – is what Mohanned Jaradat means by changing history. RESTRICTIONS ON FOOD AND WATER Mohanned Jaradat’s extended family currently resides in Palestine. Palestinians cannot leave their area, access transport, vote, access medical care, or freely choose employment. Palestinians deal with checkpoints, regular patrolling by the Israel Defense Force (IDF), evictions, restrictions on food, restrictions on water, limited electricity, and constant intimidation. “This is not something new to Palestinians. They are resilient people — this has been happening for many, many years,” Mohanned Jaradat said. A HISTORY OF OPPRESSION IN PALESTINE “My father had to run away between 1946 and 1948,” Jaradat says in the article in The Sheaf. “The Israelis got weapons from Britain and started the killing of innocent Palestinians in the streets, so he went all the way from Haifa to Jenin and then from Jenin to Amman, Jordan, for safety for his family.” Jaradat adds that his father is “older than the State of Israel.” He reiterates that to this day, the legal governing body of Palestine, the Palestinian Authority (PA) has limited – almost no – power. That is the reality of Palestine. LIMITATIONS ON FREEDOM Earlier this month, Israeli police cut power to a family in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah. The authorities were ready to expel the family under the pretext of building a school. Several residents carried gas canisters to the roof and threatened to blow up the house. The Reality of Palestine A PALESTINIAN FAMILY’S PERSPECTIVE PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 6

In the middle of the night the police stormed the house. They threw stun grenades, dragged out and arrested residents. By sunrise the police had demolished the building. Rahaf Jaradat, Mohanned Jaradat’s daughter and research coordinator in Saskatoon, tells The Sheaf that when people hear about “fights” or “scuffles” in Palestine they are really hearing about Palestinians protesting limitations on their freedom. PROTESTS AROUND THE WORLD Articles like the one in student newspaper, The Sheaf can be a small glimmer of truth in a media landscape studded with bias on both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Rahaf Jaradat touches upon the pro-Palestine protests around the world to help people see the reality of Palestine. Recently there have been protests in the streets of Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver, New York, Los Angeles, and more. “Palestinians themselves are saying that spreading awareness and medica coverage is helping them – these actions contribute to change.” –Rahaf told The Sheaf. People in different groups often misjudge the motivations of others. This phenomenon is seen in Israel and Palestine along with many other conflicts throughout the world. In this section, we illustrate this common cause of struggle via various current events. THE BLOCKADE OF THE GAZA STRIP Israel and Egypt have blockaded the Gaza Strip since Hamas gained control of the territory in 2007, a year after winning a Palestinian election. The blockade has devastated Gaza’s economy, caused widespread destruction, and left most people largely cut off from the outside world. What is a blockade but the act of sealing off an area to prevent people from leaving or entering? Judaism teaches us that it’s wrong to mislead people by use of a “stumbling block.” The Hebrew expression Lifnei Iver means that behavior—such as the institution of a blockade that may lead others to sin—should be prohibited. Treating people this way does not seem to be a path to peace. Treating Palestinian families this way after first making and keeping them refugees does not seem consistent with treating others as we would want to be treated. In the tit-for-tat violence, the side that made and keeps Palestinian families refugees from their homes doesn’t hold a moral high ground. WINTER 2022 7

“Apartheid” is a controversial word when it comes to contemporary discussions of Israel. It wouldn’t be surprising to encounter a litany of hurriedly offered reasons why the concept is not applicable to the country’s circumstances on the improbable occasion the topic does come up in polite, pro-Israel company. And it’s not difficult to understand why Israel’s supporters are made uncomfortable by the term. A system of rule that is inherently unequal and discriminatory is anathema to a free and democratic society. Systematic inequality and discrimination should not be permitted, much less condoned, in a civilized, enlightened country that espouses democratic ideals. Since its founding in 1948, Israel has maintained a parliamentary democracy as its system of government. Yet, it has become impossible to argue that Israeli policies governing Jewish settler and Palestinian communities in the West Bank are appropriately equal, fair, or just. In fact, the disparity is quite striking. And that’s not just a fringe opinion. IS ISRAEL AN APARTHEID STATE? CALLING IT WHAT IT IS “For over half a century, Israel has ruled over the occupied Palestinian territories with a two-tiered legal system, in which, within the same tract of land in the West Bank, Israeli settlers live under Israeli civil law while Palestinians live under military law. This system is one of inherent inequality… Settlements are built and expanded at the expense of Palestinian communities, which are forced onto smaller and smaller tracts of land.” If you’re expecting these words to be ascribed to some radical, far-left activist group, you’re in for a surprise. These words, published on an independent South African news blog, belong to former senior members of Israel’s foreign service. And not just any senior members. They belong to Ilan Baruch and Alon Liel. Dr. Liel happens to be a former Director General of Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. And both men have observed first-hand the results of apartheid laws and Do West Bank Policies Amount to Apartheid in Israel? FORMER AMBASSADORS CALL IT LIKE THEY SEE IT PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 8

inequality in official government policy during their service as Israeli ambassadors to South Africa. In their June 2021 GroundUp post, Baruch and Liel conclude that Israel’s “occupation is not temporary, and there is not political will in the lsraeli government to bring about its end.” Their words echo and reference an April report from Human Rights Watch, which found that Israeli policies in the West Bank now meet the legal definition of apartheid under international law. “Israel is the sole sovereign power that operates in this land, and it systematically discriminates on the basis of nationality and ethnicity. Such a reality is, as we saw ourselves, apartheid,” write the former ambassadors. More recently, a former Attorney General of Israel, Michael Ben-Yair, went even a step further to say that policies in Israel-proper, not just the West Bank, amount to apartheid. “The apartheid regime is in all areas controlled by Israel, between the sea and the Jordan River,” said Ben-Yair in remarks translated from Hebrew. “The distinction… between democratic Israel and the West Bank that it controls is wrong.” RECONSIDERING THE STATUS QUO When Israel’s own ambassadors and premier legal authorities are using the “A” word to describe West Bank policy, it might be time to seriously ponder the implications. Perhaps it might even be time to rethink how best to help the Jewish state grapple with the harsh responsibilities of self-governance. In doing so, we may want to once again follow the words of Baruch and Leil, who encourage us to “work towards building a future of equality, dignity, and security for Palestinians and Israelis alike.” WINTER 2022 9

Last May, more than 180 Israeli scientists and intellectuals wrote a letter to the International Crime Court (ICC) urging it not to accept the state’s rejection of war crimes investigation in Palestinian territories. Israel told the International Crime Court that it had no jurisdiction to probe Israeli war crimes. In their plea to Chief Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, Israel’s top voices spoke about the state’s refusal to cooperate with the court’s probe into violations in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. WHAT IS A WAR CRIME? To this day, “war crime” can seem like an ever-evolving, nebulous phrase. In 1942, Hersch Lauterpacht, a leading international lawyer who helped prosecute the Nazis for war crimes at the International Military Tribunal in Nuremburg, Germany, wrote a memo in which he asked, “Is there a definition of war crime?” REASONABLE BASIS TO BELIEVE ISRAELI CRIMES HAVE BEEN COMMITTED Bensouda announced that there was not only reasonable basis to believe that Israeli war crimes were being committed in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, but that potential cases would be admissible. There was no reason to believe the findings would not serve the interests of justice. But, justice for whom, exactly? These days, justice is as malleable as the ever-changing borders between Israel and the Occupied Territories. It’s definition – like the studded map of Israel and its diaspora – continually changes. WILLFUL KILLING OF PALESTINIAN CITIZENS The ICC found that there was reasonable basis to believe that in the context of the 2014 hostilities in Gaza, members of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) committed war crimes. These violations included willful killing and willfully causing serious injury to body or health and intentionally directing an attack against objects or persons using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva conventions. The ICC also stated there was reasonable basis to believe that members of the Israeli authorities have committed war crimes inter alia, through the transfer of Israeli civilians into the West Bank since the summer of 2014. Prosecution stated investigation would be required into the IDF’s use of lethal and non-lethal weapons against people participating in demonstrations beginning in March 2018 near the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel. Under article 54(1)(b) of the Statue, the Prosecutor is required to “take appropriate measures to ensure the effective investigation and prosecution of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court. The Prosecutor’s duty is to “establish the truth.” What is the truth? When it comes to the situation in Israel and Palestine – one of Top Israeli Intellectuals Urge Human Rights Groups to Investigate War Crimes. Is Israel Committing Who Can Be Trusted to Tell? War Crimes? 10

the most devastating conflicts of our age – war crimes are committed but often omitted from history books. PROBING ISRAELI WAR CRIMES Last April, Israel decided not to cooperate with the ICC. Israel rejected the claim that it committed war crimes. In its statement to the ICC in The Hague, Netherlands, senior officials in the Israeli Justice system claimed that the ICC has no jurisdiction to open a probe against it. They claimed the Israeli army investigates every incident where procedures may have been violated and puts those responsible on trial. In 2019, members of Hamas and Palestinian Armed Groups (PAGs) were both found to have reasonable basis to have had committed war crimes. The list of violations is exhaustive and includes the following: 1. Intentionally directing attacks against civilian and civilian objects 2. The use of protected persons as shields 3. Willfully depriving protected persons of the rights of fair and regular trial 4. Willful killing 5. Torture or inhumane treatment 6. Outrages upon personal dignity. Yet, this isn’t a one-sided issue. In the case of Israel war crimes specifically, it’s important to note that this isn’t the only probe. EXTREME ACTS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE In just this past December, almost 125 countries backed an open-ended war investigation by the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) – a 47-member council — against Israel. The probe came from the aftermath of the 11-day besiege into the Gaza Strip in May. At least 260 Palestinians – 66 of them children – were killed in that attack. Both Israel and the United States voted against the approval of a budget into the UNHRC investigation and even tried to defund it. The authors of last spring’s letter to the ICC– urging prosecution not to allow Israel to probe its own war crimes and instead enlist the help of human rights groups – cited extreme acts of discrimination against the Palestinian people. The letter described “severe restrictions upon freedom of movement, appropriation of Palestinian lands for the purpose of Israeli settlement… curfews and blockades, and unwarranted arrests.” REPAIRING THE WORLD Following a 2014 act of terror – Operation Protective Edge, in Gaza – which caused the death of 2,131 Palestinians (1,473 civilians and 501 of them children), the now-deceased Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu (a renowned South African Anglican Bishop) published a tragic letter in the newspaper, Haaretz titled “My Plea to the Israeli People.” Comparing the situation in Palestine and Israel to apartheid in South Africa, Tutu claimed “the pursuit of freedom for the people of Palestine from humiliation and persecution by the policies of Israel is a righteous cause.” In the Jewish culture, there is hardly anything more righteous and biblically pertinent than the idea of Tikkun Olam – a Hebrew phrase that roughly translates to “repairing the world.” Perhaps in the Holy Land, repairing the world starts with one nation’s atonement– and Tikkun Olam means Israel taking accountability for its own violations of war. PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 12

It isn’t every day that a past director of the C.I.A personally writes a letter to the President. In Joe Brennan’s recent article in The New York Times, he asks Joe Biden to help facilitate Israeli-Palestinian discussions for a two-state solution and make the quest for Palestinian statehood a national security concern. Brennan urges Biden to watch, “The Present,” a film by Palestinian filmmaker Farah Nabulsi. The film is about a father and daughter trying to pass two Israeli military checkpoints in the West Bank twice in one day. In the Oscar-nominated short, the father – who is just trying to deliver an anniversary gift to his wife – is locked in a holding pen while he waits to be searched. His daughter watches. Brennan describes his own experience visiting the West Bank in 1975, in the aftermath of the Six Day War in 1967 and 1973 Yom Kippur War. He argues that Israel had more pressing security concerns then. More than 50 years have passed, however, and there is a significant reduction of violence by Palestinians in the occupied territories and around them. Brennan argues that with the exception of Hamas in Gaza, Palestinian security and intelligence services have worked diligently with Israel for years to prevent attacks. So why hasn’t more IsraeliPalestinian conflict resolution been seen? REACHING A TWO-STATE SOLUTION Since being elected, Biden has authorized the release of $235 million for humanitarian and economic development programs in the West Bank and Gaza. In contrast, the Trump administration famously cut off funding to the Palestinian Authority. In his letter, Brennan discusses the failings of the Trump administration to recognize Palestinian interests by moving the American embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. Brennan argues the ambition of Palestine to become a sovereign state is one that requires the attention of Biden’s national security team. But would a two-state solution be truly equal? According to the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, the two-state solution vision includes: • Palestinian recognition of Israel as the nation state of the Jewish people • A demilitarized Palestinian state (the prohibition of importing missiles, maintaining an army, making pacts, and forming alliances) • Removal of refugees from outside Israel’s border • Limited use of airspace Is this two-state solution a truly independent Palestinian state or a “separate but unequal” solution more akin to South Africa’s “independent” bantustans? Would any solution that does not treat people equally or that does not allow refugees to return to their homes be a firm basis for long-term peace? OUR VALUES Hillel the Elder is quoted in the Talmud as saying, “That which is hateful to you, do not unto another. That is the whole Torah.” In his letter, Brennan describes the Palestinian main character’s daughter, in the movie “The Present,” watch her “father’s patience, dignity and humanity steadily erode” as he is held at an Israeli checkpoint. The quest for Palestinian statehood is a noble one. Brennan’s letter to Biden is important – discussions do need to be facilitated. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict isn’t going away. All the rest is commentary. Brennan Urges Biden to Pursue Two-State Solution WHAT DOES BRENNAN’S LETTER TO BIDEN MEAN FOR PALESTINIAN STATEHOOD? WINTER 2022 13

BE KNOWLEDGEABLE, SHARE THIS INFORMATION, AND CONSIDER HOSTING AN EXHIBIT. THE PROMISED LAND MUSEUM TRAVELING EXHIBIT IS A SIMPLE WAY TO BRING AWARENESS TO THE ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT AND THE PALESTINIAN QUEST FOR NATIONHOOD. WHAT CAN 6 REASONS TO CONSIDER HOSTING AN EXHIBIT YOU DO? 1 Give your community a better understanding of the Holy Land. 2 Support peace and justice by fostering awareness of the common humanity of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish families living in Israel and Palestine. 3 Attract people to your facility with an interesting, novel, moving, educational exhibit. 4 It could be a great way to raise funds for your church or civic organization. 5 It’s FREE! Voices for Justice in Palestine pays for shipping and promotion. 6 You can also invite museum curator, Steve Feldman, to speak at your event—either in person or virtually. PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 14

I have many friends, family, and acquaintances—all of whom, I am quite confident, are deeply caring people who aspire to peace and justice. They are horrified when people are taken hostage or killed at a Jewish synagogue. Yet many of those same people support the far, far more massive violence and imprisonment that Israel inflicts on Palestinian men, women, and children. Why would good people support this mistreatment of Palestinian families? Surely it is because those good people don’t believe it is mistreatment. I’m sure those good people want, deeply want, peace and justice for all people. Yet, because they hold misconceptions about Palestinian people (and, perhaps, Arabs and/or Muslims in general), they believe that Israel is justified in all her actions. They believe that Palestinians force Israel to behave the way it does. In speaking to a close family friend who was decrying Palestinian rockets (that hurt few) and who was supporting Israel’s massive violent response (that killed many), I explained that Israel’s actions no longer seemed to have the moral high ground after I learned Jewish forces expelled hundreds of thousands of Palestinian families from their homes and villages and made those families refugees in 1948. The close family friend said that that is impossible, that that could not have happened. In a conversation with a professional acquaintance, I mentioned the expulsions, and the acquaintance said, no, that’s impossible; that isn’t what happened, and that Jews never looted, raped, or even behaved in a disrespectful manner to Arabs. I used to think as those people did. But that thinking quickly evolved after learning things they didn’t teach me in Hebrew school about how entire villages of Palestinian families became refugees. Much of that information is cataloged in our museum website. And more information continues to accrue. The Israeli newspaper Haaretz recently described previously classified documents of Israeli cabinet meetings that revealed the massacres of Palestinians, the acts of murder committed by Israeli troops during the War of Independence, and what Israeli leaders knew about them. (You can read the details in I could speculate about whether such documents are being kept classified to keep people unaware, but that would be pure speculation. What is more important is that we understand what happened. Making and keeping any family refugees from their homes is inconsistent with Jewish (and anyone else’s) moral values. Peace, justice, and security is possible; but not by making and keeping other people refugees from their homes—and certainly not by inflicting even more violence on those refugee families. _________________________________________________ Understanding What Happened to Palestinians What is more important is that we understand what happened. Making and keeping any family refugees from their homes is inconsistent with Jewish (and anyone else’s) moral values. DR. STEVEN FELDMAN is a U.S.-based dermatologist and Curator of the Jewish Museum of the Palestinian Experience. WINTER 2022 15

March 3 ICC chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda opens an investigation into alleged war crimes with respect to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. June 13 Naftali Bennett is sworn in as Israel’s New Prime Minister after the Israeli Knesset voted to unseat Benjamin Netanyahu after 12 years in power. June 16 ICC Chief Prosecutor Bensouda retires and is replaced by Karim Ahmad Khan of Great Britain. May 1 13 Palestinian families face possible eviction from the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in the disputed territory of East Jerusalem. May 5 Negotiations to form a new Israeli government under Netanyahu fail. Yair Lapid of the centrist Yesh Atid party is asked by President Reuven Rivlin to try to form a new government. May 6 Two Palestinians are killed in clashes with the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF); tensions in the West Bank and East Jerusalem rise. May 11 Widespread protests and riots across Israel, mostly in cities with large Arab population. Prime Minister Netanyahu deploys Israeli Border Police to quell the violence. Three synagogues are burned. 13-story residential Hanadai Tower in Gaza collapses after being hit by an Israeli airstrike. Hamas fires rockets at Tel Aviv. An Israeli state-owned oil pipeline is hit by a rocket. May 7 Police deployed on The Temple Amount during the final Friday prayers of Ramadan at Al-Aqsa Mosque. Palestinian worshippers throw rocks. Police officers use stun grenades. May 8 On Islamic holy night of Laylat al-Qadr, Palestinian crowds throw stones and chant, “Strike Tel Aviv.” The Israel Police use stun grenades and water cannons. May 10 The Eleven Day War with Hamas in the Gaza Strip officially begins. Israeli police attempt to evacuate the mosque compound where many Palestinians are sleeping over Ramadan, using stun grenades, tear gas, and rubber bullets. Worshippers throw heavy objects. April 7 Violence in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood of Jerusalem, Palestinian families are threatened with eviction. April 8 Israel decides not to cooperate with the ICC. February 4 Israel destroys Khirbet Humsa alFawqa, claiming it is an illegal settlement next to a military firing range. February Pre-trial chamber at The Hague rules that the International Criminal Court (ICC) has jurisdiction to hear war crimes cases against Israelis and Palestinians. January 5, 2021 Campaign by the Yesha Council and the Right to convince Netanyahu to authorize 70 illegal West Bank outposts – or issue a declaration of intent – fails. January 26 Biden administration announces it will restore diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority (PA). Note: This timeline highlights some events and does not account for the many daily stresses and injustices occurring in people’s lives. A Timeline of the IsraeliPalestinian Conflict January 2021-January 2022 PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 16

July 7 Palestinian Bedouin village Khirbet Humsa al-Fawqa is destroyed by the IDF. July 19 Ben & Jerry’s officially ends sales of their ice cream in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. August 1 One year since the Abraham Accords, ties between Israel, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, Morocco, and Sudan remain strong. August 16 Palestinians claim ownership of the land in which the West Bank outpost Evyatar is situated. A petition to the Israeli High Court of Justice is rejected. November Palestinian families reject an offer that would delay their eviction by Jewish settlers in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood; 28 families currently live on the land. November A Hamas gunman opens fire at Old City in Jerusalem. One Israeli is killed. December General Assembly Fifth Committee approves funding for the UNHCR probe, with the backing of 125 countries. December Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett makes first-ever visit the United Arab Emirates (UAE). January 2022 Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett makes first-ever visit the United Arab Emirates (UAE). October 22 Defense Minister Benny Gantz declares six Palestinian NGOs as terror groups (Al-Haq, Addameer, the Bisan Center, the Defense for Children InternationalPalestine, the Union of Agricultural Work Committees, and the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees”). The ministry calls the six NGOs “a network of organizations active undercover.” The UN alleges that the declaration criminalizes Palestinian civic society. September 6 Six Palestinian prisoners escape Gilboa Prison, attracting media attention. Sept 26 Five Hamas fighters are killed in IDF raids in the West Bank. May 15 The IDF launches a missile strike on the al-Jalaa building in Gaza (which houses Al Jazeera and Associated Press journalists). Israeli forces call the building’s owner before the attack to warn of the attack and advise that all occupants evacuate. The IDF claims the building holds Hamas military intelligences. May 20 Israel and Hamas agree to a ceasefire beginning May 21. Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi praises U.S. President Joe Biden for helping broker the ceasefire. May 20 Violent clashes – despite the ceasefire – erupt at Al-Aqsa Mosque. Worshippers chant messages in solidarity with Sheikh Jarrah residents and Palestinians in Gaza. IDF fires rubber bullets and uses stun grenades. May 27 Israeli Right-wing activists rebuild illegal outpost, Evyatar, in the aftermath of a terror attack weeks before. May 28 The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) approves an open-ended investigation into alleged Israeli war crimes, sparked by the Eleven Day War. The probe includes all alleged Israeli human rights violations in Gaza, the West Bank, and sovereign Israel. May 16 40 rockets are fired from Gaza toward Israeli port cities, Ashdod and Ashkelon. The IDF launches airstrikes in response to the missile fire. May 17 An Israeli airstrike hits the only COVID-19 testing lab in the Gaza strip. May 18 Egypt announces it will put $500 million into rebuilding Gaza after Israeli missile strikes. May 13 Israeli mobilizes 9000 reservists. IDF carries out air strikes on Hamas targets in the Gaza Strip. May 14 The Israeli Air force launches an attack of Hamas’ tunnel network and above-ground positions. May 12 850 rockets are la unched into Israeli territory from Gaza. Five Israelis are killed. Schools are closed in central and southern Israel for the week. Coalition negotiations between Yair Lapid and Naftali Bennett collapse. WINTER 2022 17

MORE INFORMATION & RESOURCES INTERESTED IN TAKING PART IN THIS GLOBAL CONVERSATION? BE SURE TO CONNECT WITH THE PROMISED LAND MUSEUM ONLINE AND ON SOCIAL MEDIA. MORE RESOURCES @promisedlandmuseum @LandMuseum @PromisedLand For more information or to share this message of peace with your community, contact the Coalition for Peace with Justice, PO Box 2081, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 919-914-9881 / PERSPECTIVES • THE MAGAZINE OF PROMISED LAND MUSEUM 18

ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION This magazine has been developed by the Promised Land Museum, a project of The Coalition for Peace with Justice. The Promised Land Museum was founded to provide a Jewish Perspective on the Israel/Palestine conflict. This perspective is rooted in Jewish values, to treat our neighbor as we would want to be treated. The mission of the Coalition for Peace with Justice (CPWJ) is to work for a just and sustainable peace in Israel-Palestine. We educate the public, advocate for change based on equal rights, and directly support peace builders in Israel-Palestine. If you are interested in contributing to a future issue, visit us on social media or contact us via email at

For more information or to share this message of peace with your community, contact the Coalition for Peace with Justice, PO Box 2081, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 919-914-9881 / @Promised Land @promisedlandmuseum @LandMuseum @PromisedLand